Matthew 5:28. Hist. b 2 What, then, would be my share from God above, What inheritance from the Almighty on high? . 12 It is a fire that burns to Destruction. Irregular glancing, or inordinate gazing, is that which metamorphoseth a man into a beast, and makes him a prey to his own brutish affections. plucking out the eyes of the adulterer F21; "This priceless testament is a fitting consummation of `the words of Job' (Job 31:40). Job 31:1. Job is compelled to proclaim his own praises, for his vindication, as St. Paul was, being at the same time convinced that he had only done his duty, Luke xvii. Job 31:1, NASB : "'I have made a covenant with my eyes; How then could I gaze at a virgin?" Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. asked Jun 11 '12 at 15:25. itamar itamar. Job 31:11 -. Proverbs 4:23. Figure of speech Erotesis. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil." will enchant all that behold her. I made a covenant with mine eyes - The first virtue of his private life to which Job refers is chastity. He goes beyond act to thought, and beneath conduct to the heart."[3]. I suppose that Job purges himself here from this species of idolatry. # 31:10 Hebrew grind for. Should I think upon, i.e. 1 I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? the law of Moses; and that Job better understood the spirituality View Chapter Exodus 34:13. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life. There may be many causes, in the difficulty of attainment, or the shame and punishment which might attend the gratification of unlawful passions, which restrain the actual commission of the sin; but nothing but the grace of GOD can preserve the chastity of the mind from so much as wishing it, or thinking upon it. Like many other Biblical books, Job does not always follow the classical rules for writing. 2 For what is our lot from God above, our heritage from the Almighty on high? Job makes a solemn protestation of his integrity, and concludes with a prayer that his defence might be heard and recorded. Not revengeful, Job 31:29,30. "Knowing that the look could lead to desire in the heart, which desire could lead to sinful action, Job had resolved that he would avoid the very source of potential sin" (Zuck p. 134). This example is unique and unparalleled until the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7). eye affects the heart, and stirs up lust in it, and excites His purpose, also, not to think on this subject, showed the extent of the restriction imposed on himself. By his wife, in lawful wedlock, who was now living, and after mentioned. Saints have a single eye (and contrariwise the wicked, Hosea 3:1), like that Persian lady, who being at the marriage of Cyrus, and afterwards asked how she liked the bridegroom? Apprenticeships can also enable practitioners to gain a license to practice in a regulated profession. 2 For what portion of God is there from above? The parentheses are there because I is a function so you need them just like you need them on mean(). "[5] Pope mentions that, "Critics who retain the reading here transfer the verse to the section that treats on the relations to women after Job 31:12. Job begins another section -- the poetical books of the Bible -- which also includes Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, and the little book of Lamentations, tucked in behind Jeremiah. lib. This the following verses evidently demonstrate: בתולה bethulah, therefore is certainly an idol; and what that idol was we are informed by Eusebius, who, from Sanchoniathan's history, tells us, that Ouranos was the first introducer of Baitulia, when he erected animated stones. This is the third part of his discourse. or for rulers to take l strong drink, Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. I made a covenant with mine eyes. When Job, therefore, says the same thing, namely, that a sure destruction attends the wicked; it is their portion, an inheritance from God; it is plain he must understand it in another sense than his antagonists did; namely, of their final retribution in a future state. Since I had made such a covenant, why should I not keep it? How? Which is a further proof that his prospects were to another life; for, had he spoken of a temporal destruction, it would have been the very thing which his antagonists had repeated over and over to him, and had urged as an argument of his guilt that he was thus miserably destroyed. Or, why then should I consider, or contemplate, or look curiously, or thoughtfully, or diligently? — This has been generally understood to mean the great care and circumspection which Job had used to avoid all temptations and occasions of sin; and he subjoins in the following verses the high and reasonable motives which had urged him, and should urge every man, to such a circumspection: Job 31:2 . And why should I set myself to contemplate, or think upon, Bethulah? What does this verse really mean? Not covetous, nor idolatrous, which ought to be punished by the magistrate, Job 31:24-28. (Haydock) --- That I. Hebrew, "for why should I think upon a virgin?" aggravated one: or he made a covenant with his eyes, to prevent So far have I been from wallowing in the mire of uncleanness, or any gross wickedness, wherewith you charge me, that I have abstained even from the least occasions and appearances of evil, having made a solemn resolution within myself, and a solemn covenant and promise to God, that I would not wantonly or lustfully fix mine eyes or gaze upon a maid, lest mine eyes should affect my heart, and stir me up to further filthiness. think--rather, "cast a (lustful) look." His imprecation against himself, if he spoke not the truth, Job 31:38-40. And so the Hebrew, as in the place before us, כרת ברית berı̂yth kârath - to cut a covenant, from cutting down, or cutting in pieces the victim over which the covenant was made; see this explained at length in the notes at Hebrews 9:16. Job 31:10, NIV: "then may my wife grind another man's grain, and may other men sleep with her." It was not merely his intention to lead a chaste life, and to avoid open sin, but it was to maintain a pure heart, and not to suffer the mind to become corrupted by dwelling on impure images, or indulging in unholy desires. As Hesser noted, "Impure thinking is the sin which Job disclaimed in these first four verses. Good Melancthon, about the beginning of the Reformation, mournfully complained, Quos fugiamus habemus; quos sequamur non intelligimus, We have whom to flee from (meaning the Papists), but whom to follow, we yet understand not (by reason of the many divisions among Protestants). Ver. In this chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings, unless the context requires otherwise:— ''Administrator'', the personnel administrator of the human resources division within the executive office for administration and finance. c. 46. of Democritus, that he put out his eyes because he could not look upon a woman without lusting after her: why then should I think upon a maid; of corrupting and defiling her, since he had made a covenant with his eyes, and this would be a breach of that covenant: and therefore, besides the sin of lusting after her, or of corrupting her, he would be a covenant breaker, and so his sin would be an aggravated one: or he made a covenant with his eyes, to prevent any impure thoughts, desires, and inclinations in him; for the eye affects the heart, and stirs up lust in it, and excites unclean thoughts and unchaste desires: this shows that the thought of sin is sin; that fornication was reckoned a sin before the law of Moses; and that Job better understood the spirituality of the law than the Pharisees did in the time of Christ, and had the same notion of lust in the heart being fornication and adultery as he had; and that good men are not without temptation to sin, both from within and from without; and therefore should carefully shun all appearances of evil, and whatsoever leads unto it, and take every necessary precaution to guard against it. said she, I know not; I saw no one but my husband. The subject of Job's defense is still prosecuted. He enters, somewhat more largely, into the particular justification of himself from that sin which he seemed so much hurt at having been charged with, hypocrisy, and closes the subject with this defense. And it was so, that when the days of their feasting were ended, Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all; for Job said, "It may be that my sons have sinned and cursed God in their hearts." "This list is not arranged according to conventional standards of logical development, degrees, or seriousness, or climactic order. Chap. "[7], Job, in these verses, mentions the convictions that had guided him throughout his life, those convictions being exactly the same doctrine of sin and suffering that had been maintained by Job's friends during the dialogues, indicating that, "Those ideas had been unquestioned by himself until his own personal experience had demonstrated their falsehood."[8]. JOB AFFIRMS HIS INNOCENCE REGARDING THE LUST OF THE EYE. Salem Media Group. her, he would be a covenant breaker, and so his sin would be an Question: have you done that? That his eyes should be eyes of adamant, that will turn only to one point; that he would not look but where he might lawfully like. Job 31:1-40. 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