The chief executive is the governor, elected by popular vote to a four-year term. Both St. Croix and St. Thomas have airports, with St. Croix’s facility handling the larger number of jet flights from the continental United States and Europe. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico enjoys almost complete internal autonomy. Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). The next election was scheduled for November 2008. There is excellent air service to New York, Miami, other points in the Caribbean and Latin America. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). RELIGION : Christianity Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies of Independent Countries Share Flipboard Email Print The US territory of Guam. The Virgin Islands are two group…, Compiled from the October 2006 Background Note and supplemented with additional information from the State Department and the editors of this volume.…, AMERICAN SAMOA The island, located at 18°24’ n and 75°1’ w is uninhabited except for a lighthouse station under the administration of the coast guard. POPULATION : 307,451 Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. However, the date of retrieval is often important. The population of the U.S. Virgin Islands was estimated at 108,605 in 2006, down from 123,498 in 2002. Columbus, accompanied by a young nobleman named Juan Ponce de León, landed at the western end of the island. The mildly tropical climate is moderated by the surrounding sea, and seasonal variations are slight. The U.S. Virgin Islands lie about 64 kilometers (40 miles) north of Puerto Rico and 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) south-southeast of Miami, between 17°40’ and 18°25’n and 64°34’ and 65°3’ n. The island group extends 82 kilometers (51 miles) north to south and 80 kilometers (50 miles) from east to west, with a total area of at least 353 square kilometers (136 square miles). In 1993 another plebiscite vote drew nearly 1.7 million voters or 73.6% of those eligible. The population of the San Juan metropolitan area is more than one million. U.S. By Stabroek News-- October 15, 2020 By Bert Hoffmann No region depends more on tourism than the Caribbean. Puerto Rico lies between 17°51’ and 18°31’ n and 65°13’ and 67°56’ w. It is separated from the Dominican Republic (on the island of Hispaniola) to the west by the Mona Passage, which is 121 kilometers (75 miles) wide. The chief executive of the U.S. Virgin Islands is the territorial governor, elected by direct popular vote (prior to 1970, territorial governors were appointed by the U.S. president). They also lost men in their rebellion against the Spanish. Encyclopedia.com. Date December 3, 2020; Grade 5: Social Studies Skills Caribbean Dependencies. The leading industrial products were pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, and tourism. The Taino combined fishing with agriculture. Under the Treaty of Paris (December 1898) Puerto Rico was ceded outright to the United States. Economic development has brought an influx of new residents, mainly from Puerto Rico, other Caribbean islands, and the U.S. mainland. Appeals from Puerto Rican courts may be carried as far as the U.S. Supreme Court. A UN delegation in 1977 found little interest in independence, however, and a locally drafted constitution was voted down by the electorate in 1979. By 2005, per capita GDP was $18,600, and illiteracy had declined to just 6% (estimated to be slightly higher for females). In the November 2000 election, Sila M. Calderon of the PPD was elected governor. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Caribbean Dependency theories were all grounded in Conflict Theory (as initially formulated by Marx in the 1880s) and incorporated Critical theory (as initially formulated by the Frankfurt School during the 1930s). Depending on the speaker and the context, the phrase "Caribbean countries" has a variety of meanings:[30] Such as these images show below, Caribbean countries in the strictest sense, Caribbean countries in the widest application of the phrase, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean, http://www.macmillan-caribbean.com/home/Home.aspx, "List of currencies of the world with ISO-4217", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ac.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bf.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/do.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html, "Central America :: Haiti — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/st.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/av.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vi.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cj.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mh.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rq.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rn.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vq.html, http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=caribbean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sovereign_states_and_dependent_territories_in_the_West_Indies&oldid=999179861, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 21:48. divantilya +4. As of 2004, 127 radio stations (74 AM, 53 FM) were operation. Rainfall, the main source of fresh water, varies widely, and severe droughts are frequent. In 1990, median family income was $24,036. St. John was claimed by the company in 1683 and St. Croix was purchased from France in 1733. Haiti was established on January 1, 1804, becoming the first independent state i… There are 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean today, according to the United Nations. Luis Fortuno of the PNP was elected commissioner in November 2004. 3, pp. Source: The World Factbook, 2005The following is a list of dependencies—territories under the jurisdiction of another country. The third culture, the Taíno were also of South American Arawak origin. Finally, in 1848 Denmark abolished slavery in the colony. The first visit by a European explorer was 19 November 1493, when Christopher Columbus landed. In 2001, Puerto Rico’s exports totaled $46.9 billion, imports totaled $29.1 billion. Most Caribbean countries remained under colonial rule after the abolition of slavery. Denmark sold the islands to the United States in 1917 for $25 million. 301,800), 4,403 sq mi (11,404 sq km), in the Atlan…, United States Army Warrant Officers Association, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), United States Amish and Pennsylvania Dutch, United States Air Force Academy: Tabular Data, United States Air Force Academy: Narrative Description, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United States Agency for International Development, United Self-Defense Forces/Group of Colombia (AUC Autodefensas Unidas De Colombia), United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), United Railways & Electric Co. OF Baltimore v. West 280 U.S. 234 (1930), United States Catholic Mission Association, United States Coast Guard Academy: Narrative Description, United States Coast Guard Academy: Tabular Data, United States Colonial Rule in the Philippines, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, United States District Court for the Eastern District OF Michigan, United States v. 407 U.S. 297 (1972), United States Foreign Policies Toward Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, United States Government Accountability Office, United States Government Publishing Office, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. Publishing in English is The San Juan Star (daily circulation 76,873). Dependent Territories . Haiti has a population of over 10.7 million people, making it the second most populous Caribbean state. They are largely self-governing and possess their own constitutions and regional governments. St. John, also mountainous, has fine beaches and lush vegetation; about two-thirds of St. John’s area has been declared a national park. Having no knowledge of agriculture or pottery, they relied on the products of the sea; their remains have been found mostly in caves. According to 2000 Census, about 86% of the population ages 16 to 19 years old were enrolled in school; of those, about 18% were enrolled in private schools. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. It is one of the two independent American countries to make French their official language. The pro-commonwealth PPD remained in control of the government in every election from 1984–92, when Pedro Rosselló, an PNP member and supporter of statehood, was elected governor; Roselló was reelected in 1996. Governor John DeJongh assumed the office on 1 January 2007. They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. Social. Congress granted U.S. citizenship to the Virgin Islanders in 1927. The second Amerindian group, the Igneri, came from northern South America. Caribbean Dependency Thought Revisited. Most Caribbean Countries have gained their independence from their European colonizers. The legislature consists of a 28-member senate and 51-member house of representatives elected by popular vote to four-year terms. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. All of these are listed in alphabetical order with capital city and country of dependency reference. Only three of the more than fifty islands and cays are of significant size. St. Croix has two principal towns: Christiansted and Frederiksted. In the late 1970s, the Virgin Islands government began to consider ways to expand self-rule. This paper looks at that dilemma for policy makers in Grenada. LANGUAGE : English; Bahamian dialect The main state-supported university is the University of Puerto Rico, with its main campus at Rico Piedras. St. Croix is relatively flat, with a terrain suitable for sugarcane cultivation. Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. There is a small number of people of Asian descent (0.2%). Those aren't the same thing. Baptists make up an estimated 42% of the population, Roman Catholics 34%, and Episcopalians 17%. The number of tourists rose dramatically throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, from 448,165 in 1964 to 2.6 million in 2005. Puerto Rico is separated from the Virgin Islands to the east by Vieques Sound and the Virgin Passage. More than 40 steamship companies provide overseas freight and passenger service; San Juan, Ponce, and Mayagüez are the principal ports. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The island’s primary export is refined petroleum products. ... As the rest of the world industrialized, many Caribbean nations fell behind because the plantation owners were unwilling or unable to invest their considerable wealth in industry and today most of those islands live from agriculture, the export of raw materials and tourism. It is the biggest French-speaking Caribbean state with over 42% of the population conversing in French. This story of oil in the Caribbean has implications for scholarly debates around the so-called Anthropocene. While many claim that fossil fuels helped cultivate a modern disregard for the natural world, I show how the negative ecologies of fossil fuels also instigated new scientific and political appreciations for the liveliness of the natural world. Now, however, borders are… In 2004, there were 1.1 million main telephone lines on the island; that year there were an estimated 2.7 million mobile cellular telephone lines, up from 169,265 in 1996. The small contingent of Spaniards compelled the Taíno, numbering perhaps 30,000, to mine for gold. It has already provoked critical reviews of Caribbean integration processes, many of which had the EU as a reference point in one way or another 9. . By 2006, the gross domestic product (GDP) reached $74.89 billion, up from $15.8 billion in 1986. In 2019, it was estimated that more than 647 million people lived in Latin America and the Caribbean. In November 2000, PPD candidate Anibal Acevedo-Vila was elected commissioner from Puerto Rico; in November 2004, Acevedo-Vila was elected governor of Puerto Rico. Some of the oldest religious congregations in the Western Hemisphere are located in the Virgin Islands. population of 422,000. Beginning in 1956, there has been a focus on the tourist industry. Archaeological finds indicate that at least three Amerindian cultures had settled on the island long before Columbus’s arrival. The territorial capital, Charlotte Amalie, is located on St. Thomas. "United States Caribbean Dependencies Donna M. Christensen, a Democrat, was elected to serve a two-year term as representative in November 2006. M.A., Geography, California State University - … Excavations at St. Croix in the 1970s uncovered evidence of a civilization perhaps as ancient as ad 100. Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. "United States Caribbean Dependencies Territorial court judges, who preside over misdemeanor and traffic cases, are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the legislature. Raw crude oil constitutes the Virgin Island’s principal import. Mail In 1947, Congress provided for popular election of the governor. The Caribbean archipelago encompasses more than 7,000 individual islands in a region of approximately 1 million square miles. American Samoa, an unincorpo…, Galápagos Islands, a group of nineteen volcanic islands and numerous islets in the eastern Pacific, lying astride the equator, 600 miles west of main…, LOCATION : Bahamas In San Juan on the northern coast, mean temperatures range from 24°c (75 °f) for January to 27°c (81 °f) for July. Puerto Rico’s businesses have duty-free access to the markets of the United States. During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided into two territorial units, one controlled by the British, the other controlled by Denmark. Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states. There is a small but vocal independence movement, divided into two wings: the moderates, favoring social democracy, and the radicals, supporting close ties with the regime of Communist leader Fidel Castro in Cuba. But despite the relatively high per capita incomes for a number of Caribbean countries, many have substantial social development problems, such as high poverty rates, income inequality, unemployment, underemployment and susceptibility to external forces (including weather, US economic fluctuations and changes in global commodity prices). The district court has appellate jurisdiction over the territorial court. This is an expanse (mostly of ocean) which measures about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from north to south, and over 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres) from east to west. Courts are under the U.S. federal judiciary; the two federal district court judges are appointed by the U.S. president. Ignoring the Central and South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea (whose cultural and linguistic heritage sets their history out of the scope of the region) there is a total of thirteen independent or sovereign states and nine island groupings that remain dependencies in one form or another, to the nations of the United Kingdom, United States, France, and the Netherlands.[1]. Encyclopedia.com. Puerto Ricans are of Spanish descent (80%), black (8%), or mixed ancestry (10%). Nearly all of the Amerindian inhabitants (about 0.4% of the population in 2002) were exterminated in the 16th century. HOWLAND, BAKER, AND JARVIS ISLANDS The PPD returned to power in 1972 but lost to the PNP in 1976 and again, by a very narrow margin, in 1980; in 1984, it took roughly two-to-one majorities in both houses. Constitutionally, the U.S. Congress has plenary authority to legislate for the territory. About 80% of the population is black. (2006). Sovereign states. The Virgin Islands had 22 radio stations (6 AM, 16 FM) and 5 broadcast television stations in 2004. By 1990 there were 2,000 plants in Puerto Rico. How many countries make in North America; Belize, Central America Don’t Forget The 22 Dependent Territories In North America. These orthodox policy recommendations have … Political Geography Basics Physical Geography Population Country Information Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By. The PNP also won control of the house, while the PPD retained the senate. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. However, this over- The Dominican Republic shares the Caribbean island of all stability masks a substantial shift in the profile of Hispaniola with Haiti. Other institutions of higher learning are the Catholic University of Puerto Rico in Ponce, and the Inter-American University with campuses at Hato Rey, San Germán, and elsewhere. The College of the Virgin Islands was the territory’s first institution of higher learning. Representatives: 1 (nonvoting) Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area. At a Glance You can read all about that in my blog post here. However there are a few countries which are still controlled by a mother country and these are called dependent territories. Islands off the coast include Mona and Desecheo to the west and Vieques and Culebra to the east. The population is 9.4 million, and dependency, occurring mainly in low and middle income 0.5 million (5.7%) are aged 65 and over [11]. However for others, Caribbean culture is seen as exciting and enticing. Ferré had supported statehood in the 1967 plebiscite. 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