Why Latter Rain (Word of Faith), and Dominion Theology is a Lie. A major theme of the Latter Rain was "unity" among the believers in the church service, the geographic region and at large. One year I was away eight months…. Time carried the story. The latter rain movement as it has come to be called actually began in 1948 from a Pentecostal Assemblies of God revival in a ministry school in Saskatchewan Canada. Hall's book on fasting and prayer was a major influence in the ministries of Oral Roberts, A. Karl Barth and the Cessation of the Charismata. The modern charismatic movement, while clearly influenced by some Latter Rain ideals such as the fivefold ministry and the laying on of hands generally rejects the more extreme elements of Latter Rain theology. Residents from at least twenty states attended, and the great Latter Rain Movement burst upon the world. The Latter Rain taught that there would be a restoration of the five ministerial roles mentioned in Ephesians 4:11 (apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, teacher). George Hawtin and his brother Ern Hawtin were key to the early spread of the movement. We preached everywhere from tent meetings in North Hollywood to the Philharmonic Auditorium, the Los Angeles Shrine Auditorium, and the Angelus Temple. They traveled widely, and as they traveled the influence of the Latter Rain caught on. The Latter Rain movement started in the 1948 influenced almost all Pentecostal churches and groups in the 1950’s. Latter Rain: The Latter Rain Movement of 1948 and the mid-twentieth century evangelical awakening David Schoch was a leader associated with this branch of the Latter Rain and was an honorary member of the apostolic board of MFI until his death in July 2007. I have posted the link and recommend you take a … A small and controversial offshoot of the Latter Rain is the "Reconciliation" movement, especially those who believe in Manifest Sonship theology.  One noted Assemblies of God leader, Stanley Frodsham, left the Assemblies in favor of the Latter Rain, noting the experiential similarities with the Azusa Street Revival. Brother Thackeray has done an outstanding job of researching and publishing from some original sources. At the end of the fast they gathered together in prayer where the Holy Spirit fell on Brother Ernie in a mighty way. This article should be read with caution, however, as Hutchinson is inaccurate in places (e.g., he identifies Ivan Spencer as being from Rhode Island [he was from Lima, NY], and he says Thomas Wyatt picked up Latter Rain teachings in Portland, Oregon [Wyatt resided in Portland, OR and was the initial promoter of the LRM there]), (19) the Latter Rain and Charismatic Movements were, for the most part, separate movements but there was overlap and many see the Latter Rain Movement as the precursor of the Charismatic Movement. These ideas are part of the "prophetic movement" and "New Apostolic Reformation".  The students worked hard by day to prepare the buildings for classes and gathered for prayer in the evenings, which included intercessory prayer, prophecy and fasting. Latter Rain : the Latter Rain Movement of 1948 and the mid-twentieth century evangelical awakening. the bible school is opened in North Battleford, Saskatchewan (1), November 1947 …… George Hawtin travels to Vancouver, BC to see William Branham (2), February 12, 1948 .. the bible school in North Battleford experiences revival (3), Mar 30 – Apr 4, ’48 .. Feast of Pentecost camp meeting in North Battleford, July 1948 …………….. camp meeting at North Battleford (4), October 1948 ……….. a week-long meeting in Edmonton, Alberta (5), November 1948 …….. M. D. Beall travels to Vancouver, BC to hear the Hawtins et al (6), December 5, 1948 … revival breaks out at Bethesda Missionary Temple in Detroit, MI (7), January 1949 ………… Stanley Frodsham visits Bethesda and approves the revival (8), February 13, 1949 ….. Bethesda moves into its new 1,800-seat sanctuary (9), February 1949 ………. ‘This is the promise of the coming latter rain, Thomas Wyatt invites the Hawtins to speak in Portland, OR (10), April 20, 1949 ……….. The Latter Rain broke with the dispensationalism which had become entrenched in the ranks of Pentecostalism. A person with a stammer stood up and smoothly delivered a lengthy prophecy on spiritual revival that was about to break out. This site is completely based on Latter Rain teachings with links to others. He spends several pages telling about his experience of hearing M. D. Beall speak at Word of Faith Temple in New Orleans. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. (21) Peter Jenkins’ book about his trek on foot from New York to Louisiana made the New York Timesbestseller list. There were alleged tongues, healings, prophecies, and many “fell under the spirit.” The Latter Rain movement is an influence within Pentecostalism which teaches that the Lord is pouring out His Spirit again, as He did at Pentecost, using believers to prepare the world for His second coming.  William Branham is often erroneously considered the founder of the Latter Rain because those who started it were inspired by attending one of his meetings. On February 11, 1948, there was a prophecy about an open door which God had set before the students and was asking them to enter in. Then they would call them forward and prophesy.”, Moses Vegh wrote, “At that meeting the word of the Lord given to ‘Mom’ Beall, through the prophetic presbytery, was a powerful confirmation of all that the Lord had spoken to her about the ‘armory’ in Detroit” (The Chronicles of Moses: Acts of an Apostolic Journey), Hugh Layzell confirms the story this way: “After a day or two, the brethren agreed to minister to her in presbytery. The Latter Rain Movement of 1948 In: Pneuma. The Latter Rain, also known as the New Order or New Order of the Latter Rain, was a post-World War II movement within Pentecostal Christianity which remains controversial to this day. It is within that movement that the roots of the charismatic movement originated” (The Journey: A Lifetime of Prophetic Moments). "Local Church Government", North Battleford:Sharon Star, Minutes of the General Council of the Assemblies of God, Resolution 7: "The New Order of the Latter Rain. Those involved in the revival were convinced that they were on the verge of a new era, one in which the Holy Spirit would demonstrate His power in a … Some fasted between three and forty days. According to John Sherrill, an Episcopal priest Dennis Bennett “prayed for and received the baptism [in the Holy Spirit]” on November 14, 1959. Following this came a prophecy that this open door is the doorway into the gifts and ministries in the Body of Christ. THE NEW ORDER OF THE LATTER RAIN On February 12, 1948, a Pentecostal “revival” broke out in the Sharon Orphanage and Schools in North Battleford, Saskatchewan. Many of the doctrinal emphases which later emerged were outlined in seed form in George Warnock's Feast of Tabernacles, which is the primary foundational text for the movement. After this the Hawtins began to lay hands and prophesy over the students and others. Pentecostal pastors and scholars to President Trump, Dr. William DeArteaga: Recently I was doing a search on David Shoch and found a new blog website named, "The Latter Rain Movement of '48" authored by Archibald Thackeray. He was an uneducated, simple man that God anointed as a prophet. He sought confirmation to his theory that William Branham, J. E. Stiles and Franklin Hall were the three catalysts that God used to launch the 1948 Northern Canada Revival. Latter Rain participants – ousted by the Pentecostal denominations – became a diaspora of the Spirit” – The Cambridge Companion to Pentecostalism, 2014. by Richard M Riss Print book: English. In extended chapel services for four days… the procedure emerged of calling out members of the audience and imparting a spiritual gift to them by the laying on of hands accompanied by a suitable prophecy. Patricia Beall Gruits dies, (1) according to William Faupel, George Hawtin opened the facility (which was called Sharon Orphanage and Schools) “by calling the student body to fasting and prayer” (Winds from the North: Canadian Contributions to the Pentecostal Movement), (2) according to Robert K. Burkinshaw, “Branham had attracted overflow crowds to Vancouver’s Exhibition Garden in late 1947 with what appeared to many to be genuine demonstrations of miraculous powers of insight and physical healing.  Some identify the roots of more recent Charismatic trends such as Kingdom Now theology, the Kansas City Prophets including Paul Cain, and the New Apostolic Reformation including C. Peter Wagner as being rooted in the Latter Rain. Overnight the story swept the country: speaking in tongues had appeared in a decent, ordinary church and had caused strife, division and dissension. Ernie Hawtin fasted for 40 days. Latter Rain emphases are some of the most noticeable difference between Pentecostals and Charismatics as delineated, for example, by the Assemblies of God in their 2000 position paper on End Time Revival.. Dick Iverson, founder of City Bible Church, formerly Bible Temple, and Portland Bible College, is apostolic overseer of Ministers Fellowship International. In 1947 the revivalists of that period began to preach, including William Branham, Oral Roberts, Gordon Lindsay, and T. L. Osborn. Among those present at the Sharon Camp Meeting in July, 1948, was George Warnock who at one time had been personal secretary to Ern Baxter (an associate with William Branham's healing ministry). By R. K. McGregor Wright, Th.M., Ph.D. The Latter Rain heavily emphasized relational networks over organizational structure. Beall wrote a letter to Stanley Frodsham, a pioneer of the early Pentecostal movement at the turn of the century, a leader of the Assemblies of God denomination, and the editor of the Pentecostal Evangel for twenty-eight years. The Pentecostals. The Tabernacle of David by Kevin Conner and Present Day Truths are classics on worship and restoration. The Latter Rain movement taught that as the end of the age approached, the "overcomers" would arise within the Church. The movement itself should be distinguished from those whom it ultimately influenced. A Pentecostal egalitarian view of humanity, Dr. Terry Cross: The Azusa… The Latter Rain movement was a radically independent Pentecostal movement, originating from an outbreak of revivalism in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada in 1948. Audrey and I remember this incident very well. In her letter, Mrs. Beall described what was happening in her church, and Frodsham decided to leave Springfield, Missouri to visit the church in Detroit. Schmitt, Charles P. (2002). Those were the days of the great ‘healing revivals.’ Being so very young, I did not understand all that was happening in the church realm. Unlike Pentecostals who traditionally held that the baptism of the Holy Spirit usually comes after prolonged "tarrying" or waiting for the Spirit, the Latter Rain movement taught that the baptism of the Holy Spirit and the gifts of the Holy Spirit can be imparted on one believer by another through the laying on of hands. Born in 1934, Walker was a precocious child. In response to this spiritual hunger, about 70 students gathered in October 1947 in North Battleford, Saska… Their leadership in the Prophetic Movement that began decades ago, made room for the many churches that are now enjoying the prophetic emphasis in their assemblies. But I pointed out that there were other principles equally critical. The Latter Rain Movement of ’48.  Resolution #7 of the 1949 General Council of the Assemblies of God made the following declaration: Latter Rain proponents saw Pentecostalism as spiritually dry in the post-war period and in danger of slipping into a dry or mental formalism like many of their evangelical peers. The retrieval of the arts and their restoration in the church began decades ago in her church in Northern California. During the early years, some of the most ardent critics of the Latter Rain and its theology came from within Pentecostalism, particularly the Assemblies of God. Today's writers from within the movement's ranks now use terms such as "the move," or "the Move of the Spirit," or "the move of 1948." Holdcroft, L. Thomas (1980), "The New Order of the Latter Rain", Hawtin, George R. (1948). Hollenweger, Walter (1972). The Latter Rain brought a new focus on the spiritual elements of Christianity including personal prophecy, typological interpretation of Scripture, the restoration of the five-fold ministry and a different eschatological emphasis. Others, who have come into this present spiritual awakening, may feel that the Latter Rain is exclusively theirs. Dr. Kiteley’s insight to scripture, her capacity to discern the seasons of the Holy Spirit’s work in the church always positioned her to be on the cutting edge of the Spirit’s work. We disapprove of those extreme teachings and practices, which being unfounded scripturally, serve only to break fellowship of like precious faith and tend to confusion and division among members of the Body of Christ, and be it hereby known that this 23rd General Council disapproves of the so-called 'New Order of the Latter Rain'... in the restoration of the last days, we find certain men whose names are linked with the principles that were being revealed in their day... when we come to the time of the so-called "Latter Rain" revival of 1948-49 and the early 50's, the doctrine of "laying on of hands" (with prophecy) springs up, and we see ministries emerging into the national limelight as George and Ernie Hawtin, Myrtle Beal, Winston Nunes, Omar Johnson and many others. Reg Layzell founded of Glad Tidings church and author and influence of such books as. 1 1Regent College in Vancouver, B.C. The term Latter Rain stems from Bible passages such as Jeremiah 3:3, 5:23-25, Joel 2:23, Hosea 6:3, Zechariah 10:1, and James 5:7. “Shiloh was one of the early pioneers in cross-cultural and multiracial congregations. John A. MacMillan Regarding the Authority of the Believer, Dr. Amos Yong: The New Order of the Latter Rain was an organizational schism before … They taught that God saw the Church organized not into denominations but along geographical lines as in the book of Acts—one Church but in different locations. What we do know about the NOLR/NAR was that at its inception, it was pushing the Apostolic Governance heresy, Unity Power heresy and ecumenism with the pagan Roman Catholic… Such sites use association with the Latter Rain as a way of discrediting modern Charismatics. City Bible Publishing carries many contemporary books that define the movement. At her passing on Thanksgiving, November 2015, Cindy Jacobs wrote an eulogizing article on the Charisma news website. Some people claimed they saw prophetic messages in the sky or had dreams and visions that led them to participate in this new movement. But today there is a whole new army to bring about what went dormant. The Latter Rain Revival (1948–1952) The Latter Rain Movement (1952–1960s) Sharon Schools (Global Missions) Other groups influenced by the Latter Rain. It can be read here. Believers met daily and continued to do so for some time.” (China’s Opening Door: Incredible Stories of the Holy Spirit’s Work in the Underground Church), (4) James Watt wrote, “they held a conference in July of 1948 at North Battleford. The wire services picked it up. I belong to an AG church and, with rare exceptions, no one knows what happened over sixty years ago. This prophetic team offered personal prophecy and impartation to many believers at the church including Hugh and Audrey Layzell, several pastors and others who came from different parts of British Columbia and Washington State. Dick Iverson states, “The ‘latter rain’ outpouring, as it was called, became a major stream of the Holy Spirit emphasizing praise and worship (with its power to open the Word), along with prophecy and the laying on of hands. During this meeting he prophesied for about 30 minutes speaking of a coming revival and the gifts of the Holy Spirit being restored and received by the laying on of hands and prophecy. “Although neglected in scholarly literature, the Latter Rain foreshadowed themes that emerged [in] the 1970s to the early 2000s…. Later that year, revival events occurred, and news quickly swept across Canada and the United States, influencing many Pentecostal believers. However, the excitement was hampered when opposition arose in late spring of 1948 and fear prevented some from embracing the teachings and practices of the movement. They would complete the work of God, restoring man's rightful position as was originally mandated in Genesis and by coming into the full stature of Christ would usher in his millennial reign. Violet Kitely founded Shiloh Christian Fellowship in, John Gavazzoni, Kenneth Greatorex, Gary Sigler and Robert Torango are Latter Rain-inspired Charismatic Christians who teach universal reconciliation and sonship (a version of the ancient Christian doctrines of, Charles Schmitt, pastor of the Immanuel's Church in. The idea of a latter rain was not new to Pentecostals. Snake Handling in Church of God 1915 Tennessee Revival, Dr. Jon Ruthven: Her amazing prophetic anointing was always carried in a vessel of profound humility. The Doctrine of Healing, Dr. Paul King: For clarification in discussion of the Latter Rain a distinction should be made between: The Latter Rain Revival (1948-1952) The Latter Rain Movement (1952-1960s) Churches have been planted in many foreign nations and only heaven will reveal the measure to which the lives of those reading my words have been touched by her life, This is a lot to digest in one post, but thanks for sharing. Drink, oh drink, My people for this is latter rain.’, “That Sunday marked the beginning of what came to be known as the Latter Rain Revival.”, (8) according to Richard Riss, “Mrs. All I knew was that a wonderful visitation of the Power of God was taking place. After that, starting with North Battleford, many experienced healing from sickness. Her prophetic footprint is on so many places on the earth, that they are too numerous to number. "Assemblies of God and the Latter Rain Heresy". A video of the celebratory service can be seen here. University of Virginia, New Religious Movements Project - article on Latter Rain movement, SpiritLed Woman Magazine - article on Latter Rain Movement, https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Latter_Rain_Movement?oldid=281680. User Review - Flag as inappropriate. Pentecostals were concerned about the declining operation of the gifts of the Spirit once so evident in the early 20th century. Latter rain : the Latter Rain movement of 1948 and the mid-twentieth century evangelical awakening.  Thomas Holdcroft continues: In the spring of 1948, on the Easter weekend, special services were held which the school called the "Feast of Pentecost". Bill Britton is an author and teacher on sonship. One of the pastors attending was Dr. A. Earl Lee of Los Angeles, California, whose church became a center of revival soon after he returned.”, (11) according to William Faupel, “The meetings were conducted 15-17 [that is a typographical error; the dates were 5 -17] July 1949. Most of the Canadian Provinces were represented, with some 40 of the States of the USA, plus representatives from several other countries. The late 1940s was a time of deep spiritual hunger among Pentecostals. A collection of teachings by men associated with the Latter Rain, Summary of the Latter Rain based on primary sources, Apologetics Index article on Latter Rain teachings, Apologetics Index on Manifest Sons of God teachings. Richard M. Riss. Milford Kirkpatrick dies, July 2005 ………………. A few years ago, she wrote an article about the revival for Charisma‘s news website. Latter Rain: The Latter Rain movement of 1948 and the Mid-Twentieth Century Evangelical Awakening. Never will those days be forgotten! Rather, several leaders of Sharon Orphanage, a small Pentecostal orphanage in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, were inspired to look for a deeper dimension of Christianity after visiting Branham's meeting, and they began to fast and pray in search of it. Thousands attended those meetings with hundreds receiving Christ as their personal Savior and many testifying to being healed of various illnesses. The New Apostolic Reformation (NAR) cult can be traced back to the New Order of the Latter Rain (NOLR) movement in North Battleford, Saskatchewan in 1948. I was with Branham from 1947 until I had to leave him, in about 1953 or 1954.”, Ernest Gentile writes, “Branham is considered by many the initiator and pacesetter of the healing revivals in 1947, as well as the precursor of the entirely separate Latter Rain movement of 1948.”, (3) Jonas Clark reported, “Sometime later the Hawtins called the ministry team and student body to join them in fasting. "Floods Upon the Dry Ground", Shippensburg, PA: Revival Press. It was present from the earliest days of Pentecostalism, which believed that the reappearance of speaking in tongues and the baptism of the Holy Spirit marked the latter rain of God's Spirit and that these were signs of the coming end of history. Extreme versions of this spoke of Jesus as a "pattern" Son and applied "ye are gods" (Psalms 82:6) to this coming company of believers. The Latter Rain got its name because it was believed that God had poured out the “former rain” of the Holy Spirit on His Church to get it started on the Day of Pentecost. Mr. [Modest] Pemberton said. (20) the conference was held in Jerusalem and was sponsored by the Charismatic magazine Logos Journal (articles by Beall appeared several times in Logos). In this article we will use the older terms. They expected that in the coming last days, the various Christian denominations would dissolve, and the true church would coalesce into citywide churches under the leadership of the newly-restored apostles and prophets.  Reconciliation (also called ultimate or universal reconciliation) is a doctrine of Christian Universalism focusing on God's plan to save the whole world through the atoning sacrifice of Christ. Word of Faith Church in New Orleans destroyed by Hurricane Katrina, November 2015 ……… Violet Kiteley dies (24), May 2016 ……………….. George Warnock, author of The Feast of Tabernacles, dies, June 2019 ……………. Lift up your eyes behold the ripening grain. Latter Rain participants – ousted by the Pentecostal denominations – became a diaspora of the Spirit” – The Cambridge Companion to Pentecostalism, 2014, items with numbers in parentheses (x) have corresponding footnotes at the end of this post, October 1947 ………. These men formed the prophetic presbytery team and held meetings from November 8 to 22. The Latter Rain Movement: Its Continuing Influence Part Two. Much of the movement, along with elements of the Healing Revival, slowly dissolved into parts of the larger Charismatic movement. In the prophecy God said He would restore four areas of spiritual life to the churches before Jesus returned. The ‘North Battleford brethren’ (as they came to be known) and many others viewed the events of the Branham meetings as evidence that old-time Pentecostal power and fervour could be revived” (Pilgrims in Lotus Land: Conservative Protestantism in British Columbia, 1917 – 1981), Jim Watt, one of the original seven elders in North Battleford says, “Some years later Winston Nunes (now deceased) sought me out as the last living elder of the seven. They would be as Jesus was when he was on earth and would receive a number of divine gifts, including the ability to change their physical location, to speak any language through the Holy Spirit, and would be able to perform divine healings and other miracles. Latter Rain: The Latter Rain Movement of 1948 and the mid-twentieth century evangelical awakening [Riss, Richard] on Amazon.com. The Latter Rain, also known as the New Order or New Order of the Latter Rain, was a post-World War II movement within Pentecostal Christianity which remains controversial to this day. In addition, the term Latter Rain has become somewhat of a pejorative label; therefore, many ministers who were influenced in some way by it are reluctant to make this well known or choose to emphasize their lack of any formal involvement. A. Allen, O. L. Jaggers, Gayle Jackson, David Nunn, Tommy Hicks, and W. V. Grant. A significant event in the history of Sharon Orphanage and School was its July 7-18, 1948 Camp Meeting, during which thousands of people from Canada and the United States flocked in hopes of receiving something special from God. He saw people receive personal prophetic ministry and the ministry of the laying on of hands to receive the gifts of the Spirit. Today's writers from within the movement's ranks now use terms such as "the move," or "the Move of the Spirit," or "the move of 1948." (7) according to Bethesda’s website, “December 5, 1948 was a turning point in the [life] of every Bethesdan. Filioque, the Spirit of God, the Spirit of Christ, and Dake’s Ideas about the Godhead. Wanagas, Edwald A. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The stand of the other Pentecostal denominations ultimately led to the withdrawal, under pressure, of Elim Fellowship founder Ivan Q. Spencer from inter-Pentecostal fellowship. Joseph Mattsson-Boze dies, December 1995 …….. Phyllis C. Spiers dies, July 2002 ……………. The teachings from this revival came to be known as "Latter Rain" and quickly spread throughout Canada, the United States and around the world. (24) Violet Kiteley was present when the revival broke out in North Battleford, Saskatchewan in 1948. A. Earl Lee was one of the fathers of the movement in southern, Myrtle Beall and her family ran what is now known as Bethesda Christian Church north of, J. Preston Eby was an early proponent who resigned under pressure from the. The "early" rain was said to be the outpouring of Pentecost itself (or perhaps the Azusa St. revival), and the current "move" of the Spirit was the "latter rain." But spiritual neutrality does not exist, primarily because the God of the Bible does exist. Besides Beall, speakers included: David du Plessis, Kathryn Kuhlman, Corrie ten Boom, Pat Robertson, Jamie Buckingham, Charles Simpson, Arthur Katz, Williard Cantelon, Gen. Ralph Haines, and Charles Farah. So did Newsweek” (They Speak with Other Tongues). He was moved deeply by scenes of people under great conviction of sin, making confession and finding peace'” (A Survey of 20th-Century Revival Movements in North America), (9) from Bethesda’s website, “on February 13, 1949 the main sanctuary [seating 1,800] was dedicated. In 1949, the General Council of the Assemblies of God, following the leadership of its General Superintendent E. S. Williams, stated that pre-tribulation rapture represented correct eschatology, and it rejected the Latter Rain practice of personal prophecy accompanied by the laying on of hands, as well as the Manifest Sons of God doctrine. Dr. Kiteley was a true pioneer in every sense of the word as she participated in the earlier move of God that took place in Northwest Canada, often known as The Latter Rain Movement. Such singing, such worshipping of God, such prophecies, such supernatural utterances will always remain the greatest wonderment of our lives” (Latter Rain: The Latter Rain Movement of 1948 and the Mid-Twentieth Century Evangelical Awakening), Riss also quotes Mom Beall as having written, “Without publishing any advertising people flocked to our doors from every part of the world” (Latter Rain: The Latter Rain Movement of 1948 and the Mid-Twentieth Century Evangelical Awakening), (10) in the Dictionary of Charismatic and Pentecostal Movements: “In February 1949 Dr. Thomas, Wyatt of Portland, Oregon, invited the Hawtin party to his church, Wings of Healing Temple, where George Hawtin and Milford Kirkpatrick ministered to ninety preachers from almost every part of North America. The Latter Rain movement was a radically independent Pentecostal movement, originating from an outbreak of revivalism in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada in 1948. The services began daily at 5 a.m. and lasted 10 to 12 hours. Rather than attempting to simply save a few souls before the rise of the anti-Christ, the Latter Rain emphasized the Church as overcoming and victorious in the fact that the church would come into "full stature" as taught by the Apostle Paul. The previous day, a female student had prophesied that a great worldwide revival was about to begin. North Battleford hotels and cafes are crowded … with visitors,’ It concluded that close to 3,000 attended the meetings, returning ‘to their various places refreshed and ready to go on with their work with new vigor'” (Winds from the North: Canadian Contributions to the Pentecostal Movement), (12) according to Richard Riss, “On August 24, 1949, Bethesda Missionary Temple in Detroit, Michigan resigned from the Assemblies of God denomination” (Latter Rain: The Latter Rain Movement of 1948 and the Mid-Twentieth Century Evangelical Awakening), (13) Ivan Q. Spencer was the founder of Elim Bible Institute in Lima, NY. According to this tradition, the manifest Sons of God are expected to reign on earth during a coming millennial age until ultimately every human being will be restored to harmony with God.. The rejection of the Latter Rain outpouring by the Assemblies of God is well documented. Green invited the participation of not only ministers with Latter Rain roots, but also such ministers as Paul Paino (Calvary Ministries International), Kenneth Copeland (Word-Faith), Charles Simpson (Shepherding/Discipleship), and Bob Weiner (Maranatha campus ministries). There was debate among various branches as to the nature and extent of this manifestation. The newspaper reported visible miracles in this crusade” (The Journey: Walking with the Walkers), (16) according to Dennis McClendon in the July 1, 1951 edition of the Houston Post, “During the meetings that closed June 17, more than 400 ministers were in attendance. 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