China’s gross-domestic-product growth in 2018 was the weakest in 28 years. He later majored in Marxist theory and ideological education at Tsinghua Humanities Institute.Xi Jinping is one of the few leaders in China who is educated in humanities and is the only Chinese president … Country: China University: Northwestern Polytechnical University Course Level: Bachelors, Masters, PhD Value: Full Scholarship, Partial Scholarship Deadline: May 15th, 2019 Eligibility Criteria to do Bachelors. Xi’s ideology was later enshrined in the country’s constitution by an amendment passed by the National People’s Congress (NPC) in March 2018. In October 2010 Xi was named vice chairman of the powerful Central Military Commission (CMC), a post once held by Hu (who since 2004 had been chair of the commission) and generally considered a major stepping-stone to the presidency. SHANGHAI, China, Oct. 31, 2019 -- Honeywell today announced that Scott Zhang has been appointed as President of Honeywell China, effective Nov. 1, 2019. At the time, the title was translated into English as State Chairman. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. While living in Fujian, Xi married the well-known folksinger Peng Liyuan in 1987. In 1974 Xi became an official party member, serving as a branch secretary, and the following year he began attending Beijing’s Tsinghua University, where he studied chemical engineering. US President Donald Trump said he called Chinese President Xi Jinping a "king" during a state visit to Beijing in 2017 and that the Communist Party leader appeared to … China had decided to run out the clock on President Trump’s first term, convinced that they would get a much better deal from a future President Biden. The risk of a U.S.-China breakup, or decoupling, is on many global investors’ radars as tensions between the two countries have increased. Vice Premiers – Han Zheng, Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua, Liu He; National legislature. China Development Forum 2019: Greater Opening-up for Win-Win Cooperation. …presidential term, China’s vice president. Chinese President Xi Jinping opened the second China International Import Expo (CIIE) on Tuesday with a promise to ease market access, counter protectionism and boost economic globalization. On Jan. 11, Chinese state media reported the first known death from an illness caused by the virus, which had infected dozens of people. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A year later the CCP voted to enshrine Xi’s name and ideology, described as “thought” (“Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in a New Era”), in the party’s constitution, an honour previously awarded only to Mao. Tono Dwi Putranto (Indonesia), who served successfully as Second Jury Secretary for CHINA 2019, shall be noted in the FIP jurylist as a qualified… Read More   Xi–Li Administration. Xi’s fortunes got another boost in early 2007 when a scandal surrounding the upper leadership of Shanghai led to his taking over as the city’s party secretary. Updates? "A translation of the president's … The position was abolished between 1975 and 1982 with the functions of head of state being performed by the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. 2 days ago. Hosted by the Development Research Centre of the State Council (DRC) and organized by the China Development Research Foundation (CDRF), China Development Forum (CDF) is committed to “Engaging with the World for … At the invitation of the Prime Minister, the President of the People’s Republic of China H.E. In their articles about the trade war, protests in Hong Kong, China’s human rights violations, and China’s global advances, every major American publication refers to Xi Jinping … 02-10. Xi got his Chemical Engineerin… He held the position for only a brief period, however, as he was selected in October 2007 as one of the nine members of the standing committee of the CCP’s Political Bureau (Politburo), the highest ruling body in the party. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1982 Xi gave up that post, choosing instead to leave Beijing and work as a deputy secretary for the CCP in Hebei province. How President Xi Jinping is transforming China at home and abroad Sep 26, 2019 6:25 PM EST. In his capacity as Vice-President, Hu was probably best known for handling the aftermath of the United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. He will be responsible for executing Honeywell’s business objectives in the company’s single largest country market outside the U.S. First Vice President – Abdul Rashid Dostum (2014–2020) Second Vice President – Sarwar Danish (2014–present) Azerbaijan Vice President – Mehriban Aliyeva (2017–present) China (People's Republic of China) Vice President – Wang Qishan (2018–present) Premier – Li Keqiang. The NPC also unanimously elected Xi to a second term as president of the country in March. Xi Jinping, President of China. & Industry for National Defense, CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Central Leading Group for Inspection Work, Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military Commission, Independent Commission Against Corruption (Hong Kong), Judicial Administrative Organs People's Police, Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, Central Leading Group for Propaganda and Ideology, Central Guidance Commission on Building Spiritual Civilization, Central Publicity (Propaganda) Department, National Press and Publication Administration, National Radio and Television Administration, Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs, Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, International Development Cooperation Agency, International Military Cooperation Office, State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, President of the People's Republic of China, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang, Chairman of the National Committee of the CPPCC, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, "Communique of the expanded 12th plenary session of the Eighth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China", "Kuhn, Robert Lawrence: Hu's Political Philosophies", World Savvy Monitor: China and the World - A foreign policy overview, Vice President of the People's Republic of China, List of vice premiers of the People's Republic of China, Politics of the People's Republic of China, People's Political Consultative Conference, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_presidents_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China&oldid=994977168, Presidents of the People's Republic of China, Lists of political office-holders in China, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 15:13. Illustration by Nigel Buchanan for TIME. His father served the communist part of China at various positions whereas his mother also worked for the Communist party of China. President Tsai Ing-wen, on the afternoon of January 2 in the Presidential Office auditorium, explained the Taiwan government's position on a speech delivered by China's President Xi Jinping (習近平) commemorating the 40th anniversary of the so-called "Message to Compatriots in Taiwan. The title of the office (国家主席, Guójiā Zhǔxí) was unchanged in the Chinese text, but a new English translation of "President of the People's Republic of China" has been adopted since 1982, instead of "Chairman of the People's Republic of China". Barack Obama (left) and Chinese Pres. The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind addressing the 23rd Annual Convocation of the Rajiv Gandhi University … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Corrections? President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping was the son of Xi Zhongxun, who once served as deputy prime minister of China and was an early comrade-in-arms of Mao Zedong. A 2019 report by the United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission, a bipartisan commission within the United States Congress, recommends that the Chinese leader Xi Jinping be called “General Secretary” rather than “President”, arguing that the title "president" incorrectly implies that … At that time Hu also relinquished the chair of the CMC to Xi. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Xi-Jinping, BBC News - Profile: China's President Xi Jinping, Xi Jinping - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). BEIJING — Chinese President Xi Jinping said Tuesday in a speech commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party's rule that no force could sway ... 2019 in Beijing, China. 2021. 2021. Congress chairman – Li Zhanshu; Political advisory. The presidency was revived under the fourth constitution in 1982. Xi Jinping in 1979. Vacancies: In the event that the office of the President falls vacant, the Vice-President succeeds to the office of the President, just like in the United States In the event that the office of Vice-President falls vacant, then the NPC elects a new Vice-President. Before 1991, the president was selected by the National Assembly of the Republic of China for a term of six years.. China: Halt the Execution of Renowned Scholar Tashpolat Tiyip Posted September 13, 2019 Dr. Tashpolat Tiyip, a renowned scholar of geography and former president of Xinjiang University (XJU), is suspected to be at risk of execution as he nears the end of the two-year reprieve of his death sentence. 5 Takeaways From Mike Pence’s Hawkish China Speech The vice president lays out a wide-ranging critique of China at a critical moment for trade talks. Aug 08, 2019 11:42 AM. … He currently serves as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, the country’s After graduating in 1979, he worked for three years as secretary to Geng Biao, who was then the vice premier and minister of national defense in the central Chinese government. Director: Yang Xiaodu; Events January Wed. President Tsai's remarks for Lunar New Year ... On behalf of the government and people of the Republic of China (Taiwan),... Read more . Chairman Xi Jinping in Beijing on July 3. The two leaders had their inaugural Informal Summit in Wuhan, China on 27-28 April 2018. The president is currently elected by a plurality voting direct election of the areas administered by the Republic of China for a term of four years. Xi managed to consolidate power at a rapid pace during his first term as China’s president. The move marks a hardening of President Trump’s approach to China after high-profile summits with President Xi in April and November 2017. Beijing police detained Wang amid a national crackdown on human rights lawyers and activists in August 2015; while detained he was reportedly tortured with electric shocks and forced to take medications. ... 12 October 2019. The president said U.S. tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese imports will increase from 25% to 30% on October 1. The Constitution names the president as head of state and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China … BHR is a multibillion-dollar enterprise. Conference chairman – Wang Yang; Supervision commission. The younger Xi’s early childhood was largely spent in the relative luxury of the residential compound of China’s ruling elite in Beijing. China’s vice president said the world’s second-largest economy has delivered “significant” growth and pledged to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, that it won’t falter. Members of a band from the People’s Liberation Army leave following a speech by Chinese President Xi Jinping after the closing session of the National People’s Congress in Beijing in 2018. On Oct. 1, a parade … Xi Jinping shaking hands at the APEC summit in Beijing, November 10, 2014.   Second Administration Among his concerns as Fujian’s head were environmental conservation and cooperation with nearby Taiwan. .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  First Administration The Constitution names the president as head of state and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China Armed Forces … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Italian President Sergio Mattarella with Chinese President Xi Jinping, 22 March 2019. In 1999 Xi became acting governor of Fujian, and he became governor the following year. Foreign citizens, in good physical and mental health. Keynote Speech by H.E. He continued to work his way upward, and by 1995 he had ascended to the post of deputy provincial party secretary. President Donald Trump speaks during a press conference with China's President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 9, 2017. China must be on high alert against "black swan" and "grey rhino" financial events in the face of a slowing economy, President Xi Jinping told senior members of the Communist Party faithful. Published 11 October 2019. US President Donald Trump said he called Chinese President Xi Jinping a "king" during a state visit to Beijing in 2017 and that the Communist Party leader appeared to appreciate the remark. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would aid the wellborn Xi’s credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP. Exceeding their initial fundraising goal, the partners … Xi Jinping. On 15 November 2012, Xi was elected to the posts of general secretary of the Communist Party and chairman of the CCP Central Military Commission by the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In that role he focused on conservation efforts and on improving international relations. Google pulls Hong Kong protestor game from store. The success of his anti-corruption campaign continued, with more than one million corrupt officials being punished by late 2017; the campaign also served to remove many of Xi’s political rivals, further bolstering his efforts to eliminate dissent and strengthen his grip on power. Mr. Xi Jinping will be visiting Chennai, India from October 11-12, 2019 for the 2nd Informal Summit. The president is currently elected by a plurality voting direct election of the areas administered by the Republic of China for a term of four years. With that promotion, Xi was put on a short list of likely successors to Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CCP since 2002 and president of the People’s Republic since 2003. President Donald Trump speaks during a press conference with China's President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 9, 2017. Her first novel. Full text: Openness and Cooperation for a Shared Future. He held both the deputy secretarial and governing posts until 2002, when he was elevated yet again: that year marked his move to Zhejiang province, where he served as acting governor and, from 2003, party secretary. The Vice-President of the People's Republic of China assists the President. China had decided to run out the clock on President Trump’s first term, convinced that they would get a much better deal from a future President Biden. Abkhazia Vice President - Aslan Bartsits (2019-2020) Afghanistan.   Hu–Wen Administration This made him, informally, the paramount leader and the first to be born after the founding of the People's Republic of China. President Xi Jinping of China waves from Tiananmen Gate in Beijing during the National Day parade. But just like no one in the United States calls Trump the chairman of America, no one in China calls Xi president. He was based there until 1985, when he was appointed a party committee member and a vice mayor of Xiamen (Amoy) in Fujian province. President Xi Jinping, born in 1953, has indicated his intent to rule indefinitely after China’s legislature amended the constitution in March 2018 to scrap term limits for the presidency. Charged with “subversion of state power,” he could … His predecessor in the position was among those who had been tainted by a wide-ranging pension fund scheme. The new Sta… Xi says China-U.S. ties "at new historic starting point" Major consensus reached at Xi-Trump summit; During the Cultural Revolution, however, with his father purged and out of favour, Xi Jinping was sent to the countryside in 1969 (he went to largely rural Shaanxi province), where he worked for six years as a manual labourer on an agricultural commune. During the same legislative session, the NPC also passed other amendments to the constitution, including one that abolished term limits for the country’s president and vice president; this change would allow Xi to remain in office beyond 2023, when he would have been due to step down.   Third Administration China: Halt the Execution of Renowned Scholar Tashpolat Tiyip Posted September 13, 2019 Dr. Tashpolat Tiyip, a renowned scholar of geography and former president of Xinjiang University (XJU), is suspected to be at risk of execution as he nears the end of the two-year reprieve of his death sentence. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In November 2012, during the CCP’s 18th party congress, Xi was again elected to the standing committee of the Political Bureau (reduced to seven members), and he succeeded Hu as general secretary of the party. President George Weah, realizing the development impact of China on Liberia, has lavished praises on the government and people of that Asian country for several infrastructural and human resource projects they have initiated and completed in Liberia. The President bestowed the praises when he participated in a program marking the 70 th National Day Anniversary of the People’s Republic of China on September 19, 2019 at the Chinese Embassy near Monrovia. : Openness and Cooperation with nearby Taiwan exceeding their initial fundraising goal, the partners … Italian president Mattarella... 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